Years ago I was asked to do a Safety in the Field presentation for the people on my job. I was a Social Work Supervisor with a couple degrees in Criminal Justice so I guess that qualified me to tell people how to be safe from nine to five.
You can find the outline here, just in case you are worried about keeping safe in an urban area. I'm not an expert on how to stay safe in suburban or rural areas, but I'm guessing it has something to do with insurance policies, home security systems, panic rooms, double locked doors and windows, SUVs with shatter proof windows, security blinds and lined drapes, and if you're in the country- shotguns by the door in case of human intruders or animals passin' by that look like good eatin'.
My friend and Asteroid! team mate Caitlin, who blogs here and here is taking a self defense class for credit at Temple and her professor told the class that a really super good thing to do if you are being attacked is to poop your pants, stick your hands down your throat and puke all over yourself, scratch and hit yourself, pee everywhere, and generally act like a maniac.
That would probably be effective no matter where you live.
It makes sense. Instead of trying to fight off an attacker who is bigger and stronger and perhaps more armed than you are, just make yourself as gross as possible.